Verbal Reasoning Techniques
On harder synonym/antonym questions, beware of trick choices.
Can you spot the trick in the following example?
Choose the best antonym.
The word, restive, is tricky, because it sounds like it has something
to do with rest. Therefore, D) active would be the best antonym.
However, this is a trick. Restive actually means restless. So,
the correct answer is patient, a good antonym for restless. It
is beneficial to familiarize yourself with tricky words like restive, because
they are commonly tested on the SAT and GRE.
Take note of positively and negatively charged answer choices.
possible to associate a negative or positive charge with almost any given
word. Try to discern whether each word in the following list has a positive
(+), negative (-), or neutral (=) charge.
Choose the best synonym.
In the example, we are trying
to find the best synonym for the word
So, we should begin by ascertaining its charge. The
prefix, "mal" is typically used in negatively charged words. Therefore,
the answer will likely have a positive charge. Let's go through the list
to see how each word is charged.
A) beneficent (+)
After labeling each, we are left with two words that
are positively charged:
Even if you don't know the meaning of any answer choices, you have narrowed
your choices down to two and are left with a 50% change of answering correctly.
This is a quick technique that can be very beneficial when
attempting to answer a question with several words that you are unsure about.
Eliminate answer choices that have no clear antonym.
This technique only works on antonym questions. So,
this is a great technique for use on the GRE because it only contains antonym
questions (it doesn't contain any synonym questions). Consider the words
rounded or striped. Neither of these words have a clear
antonym. While almost every word has a synonym, remember that not all words
have antonyms and eliminate them first.
Eliminate answer choices that are close
Spotting synonyms within the answer choices can be
valuable because it allows you to narrow your viable answer choices. If
two of the answers have very similar meanings, then the correct answer is
too ambiguous. Therefore, it is possible to eliminate these choices. The
SAT/GRE are tough tests, but they always present one answer choice that
is clearly correct. See if you can eliminate two answer choices from the
Choose the best antonym.
are close synonyms. The both mean "to reduce or soften in pain or intensity,
to make less severe." This leaves only three remaining viable answer choices.
5) Try to associate the word with a familiar
Words on the SAT/GRE are tested for good reason:
they are very effective. This being the case, they get included in many
proverbial phrases. Note the following examples: "Gail force winds,"
"The Village Advocate," "Test your mettle", "Road to
Perdition", "Patience is a virtue", "Abject poverty",
"He made it through unscathed".
Use your knowledge of Romance Languages.
The roots of many SAT/GRE words have similar meanings
in foreign languages. For example, the Spanish word malo means
bad. This is a common root for many negatively charged words:
In addition, the Spanish word bueno means
good. This is also a common root for many positively charged words:
But, be careful. Sometimes questions will attempt
to trick the test taker by including roots in words that belie their true